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Lithopone is a white pigment consisting of a mixture of barium sulfate and zinc sulfide. It is used in interior paints and in some enamels.[1] It is widely used for white paint.


It was manufactured by Krebs Pigments and Chemical Company and other companies.[2] The material came in different "seals", which vary in percent of zinc sulfide. Gold seal and Bronze seals contain 40-50% zinc sulfide, offering more hiding power and strength.[3][4]


It is a valuable pigment that is brilliant white with fine texture which is advantageous vs white lead.[5] It mixed well with oils such as linseed oil or varnish, turns grey very fast in sunlight and white again in the darkPlantilla:Cn.


  1. Gerhard Auer, Peter Woditsch, Axel Westerhaus, Jürgen Kischkewitz, Wolf-Dieter Griebler and Marcel Liedekerke "Pigments, Inorganic, 2. White Pigments" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2009, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi: 10.1002/14356007.n20_n01
  2. Krebs Pigment & Chemical Company. DuPont. Retrieved on 2011-10-24. “Founded in 1902 by Henrick J. Krebs, Krebs Pigments and Chemical Company produced lithopone, a widely used white paint pigment also manufactured by DuPont. But Krebs' company had another asset of special interest to DuPont. ...”
  3. Booge, J. E. (1929). "Lithopone Composition and Process of Making Same". Error: journal= not stated.
  4. (2010). "Lithopone". Error: journal= not stated.
  5. W. J. O'Brien (1915). "A Study of Lithopone". Journal of Physical Chemistry 19: 113–144. DOI:10.1021/j150155a002.

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