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Emperor Xiaozong of Song China
Birth and death: Nov. 27, 1127–Jun. 28, 1194
Family name: Zhao (趙)
Given name: Bocong (伯琮), later Yuan¹ (瑗),
then later Wei² (瑋),
then again later Shen³ (昚)
Courtesy name (字): Yuangui 4 (元瑰),
later Yuanyong5 (元永)
Dates of reign: Jul. 24, 1162 6 –Feb. 18, 1189 7
Dynasty: Song (宋)
Temple name: Xiaozong (孝宗)
Posthumous name:
Never used short
Posthumous name:
Emperor Shaotong Tongdao
Guande Zhaogong Zhewen
Shenwu Mingsheng Chengxiao 8
General note: Dates given here are in the Julian calendar.
They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.
1. His name was changed into Yuan in March 1133 after he had
entered the imperial palace.
2. His name was changed into Wei in April 1160 when he was
adopted by Emperor Gaozong.
3. His name was changed into Shen in July 1162 when he was
officially named crown prince. This name became his taboo name
when he ascended the throne 12 days later.
4. Received his courtesy name Yuangui in May 1160.
5. His courtesy name was changed into Yuanyong in July 1162.
6. Succeeded Emperor Gaozong who retired on that day, but in
practice Gaozong continued to rule through the new emperor
almost until his death in November 1187 when Xiaozong became
fully in control of power.
7. Abdicated in favor of his son the crown prince. Granted himself
the title Taishang Huang
(太上皇) and continued in practice
to rule through his son until his death.
8. Final version of the posthumous name given in 1197.

Emperor Xiaozong (November 27, 1127June 28, 1194) was the eleventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the second emperor of the Southern Song. His personal name was Zhao Shen. He reigned from 1162 to 1189. His temple name means "Filial Ancestor".

Xiaozong was the 7th generation descendant of Emperor Taizu, the founder of the Song Dynasty. He was found after Emperor Gaozong lost his only child and heir and thus ordered the administration to look for all the descendants of the imperial family all across southern China (all the close relatives of Gaozong had been captured by the Jurchen invaders when they entered the capital Kaifeng during their conquest of northern China in 1127).

Xiaozong was the second son of Zhao Zicheng (趙子偁) ( ? -1143), known posthumously as Prince Xiu Anxi (秀安僖王), who was a sixth cousin of emperors Gaozong and Qinzong. Zhao Zicheng was the son of Zhao Linghua (趙令譮), known posthumously as Duke of Qing (慶國公), who was a fifth cousin of emperors Huizong and Zhezong. Zhao Linghua was the son of Zhao Shijiang (趙世將), known posthumously as Marquess of Huayin (華陰侯), who was a fourth cousin of Emperor Shenzong. Zhao Shijiang was the son of Zhao Congyu (趙從郁), known posthumously as Marquess of Xinxing (新興侯), who was a third cousin of Emperor Yingzong. Zhao Congyu was the son of Zhao Weixian (趙惟憲) (979-1016), known posthumously as Duke of Ying (英國公), who was a second cousin of Emperor Renzong. Zhao Weixian was the second son of Zhao Defang (趙德芳) (959-981), known posthumously as Prince Kanghui of Qin (秦康惠王), who was a first cousin of Emperor Zhenzong, and the second surviving son of Emperor Taizu.

Xiaozong's mother, titled Princess Xiu (秀王夫人) ( ? -1167), was from the Zhang (張) family.

See also[]


mr:स्याओचोंग zh:宋孝宗 ja:孝宗 (宋)